Gender comes from the Modern English word gender comes from
the Middle English gender and from the Modern French genre (type, kind, genre sexuel). The first edition of the Oxford
English Dictionary (OED1, Volume 4, 1990) notes the original meaning of genre
as “kind” had already become obsolete. Gender— the people associate with male
or female. Gender refers to any social roles, behaviors, intellectual, emotional
and social characteristics attributed by a given culture to women and men. We define
gender on how we dress, how we act and style our hair.
Years have passed, there is no clear definition about the
difference between sex and gender. Sex is a biological term. We use it most
often to refer to the act of mating between two organisms, while gender all
differences besides the strictly biological. Furthermore, gender changes over
time, sex define as a born male and female. But when people learn how to act in
masculine and or feminine ways called gender.
Behavior expectations for males and females define as gender
roles. In the Philippines 40-60 percent of women participate in social production
or in agricultural works and constitute 40 percent of the work force in all
sectors. But they found various studies their
families and their communities often view such work as supplementary and
secondary to the main task of childrearing and housekeeping even the income they
have greater salary than that of the men in the families. Many Filipino men, occasionally
and voluntary lend their hands in children or with the housekeeping, women viewed
it as bonus. In the Philippines, women are said to rule the household and men
are viewed as the main providers of the family.
In Industry, Politics, and other Social Institutions gender
inequality within the home is extended
to gender subordination. Apart from providing the structural of unequal gender
relations, the household is bind in the
production of gender ideology. In the household system children are imparted to the values that legitimize existing social order. Such as values individualism,
respect and obedience to authority that blurred
the collective character and resolve the social problems and accept the ideology of masculinity and femininity
that bear male superiority and female subordination. Family household is
male-dominated and the continuance of existing gender relation and class in
both structural and ideological sense.