History of SG can separate into
main 2 periods which are ancient and modern SG. Before 19th Century as
ancient period, Singapore has been well-known since the third century Chinese
called ?? ??? ??? that means
island at the end of a peninsula. Then, SG was a part of Sri Vijayan Empire (????????????????) and the city was known as ????????
due to locate on peak of Malayu that was meeting point for
shipping routes at that time. After that, the city was renamed “????????”
the lion city because a Prince of Srivijaya named Sang Nila Utama and was then
ruled by the five kings of ancient Singapura . Next, the British was another
actor to drive SG toward during 18th Century through using the
meeting point to restore, fill provision and protect own navy , including
invasion at that time when was the period of colonialism.
Next is about modern history
which we just pick up important circumstances drive SG like todays.
century as origin of modern SG history, SG was mainly driven by Sir Thomas
Stamford Raffles under the British – India Company’s control to facilitate politics
and trade policies. Then,
treaty with Temenggong Abdu’r Rahman set up a trading post which affect SG to be a
representatives of the British in the region of SEA to expand the British power. After that, the Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen (now Bengkulu) in Sumatra launched a treaty
with the local rulers and established Singapore as a trading station in 1819
which emphasize SG is the most suitable location for marine trade at that time. Soon after, SG became the
central government of the ?????? ????? and SG in 1832 which seem like to empower SG to
be the leader. Moreover,
during 1869 opening of Suez Canal affect inflow of telegram and steamboat which
potential as center of trade between Western and Eastern to expand the colonial
However, the British government undid to control the British – India Company in 1934 which affected
intervention on trade routes and decline of 1842 unfair treaty between China,
Japan, Korea and western states.
the period of WW II around 1942, SG was occupied by Japan instead of the
British but SG countered Axis meanwhile the British military base settle there, so conflict was happened. Finally, Japan could win the
military of the British – India that recognized as huge failure on the British
still were facing many struggles to shape SG like todays. Especially in 1963, Singapore
was united with Malaysia under Lee Kuan Yew’s support, but it was not smooth. 2 years later, he decided to
separate from Malaysia to end such conflicts. Completely, SG declared independence
in 1965 that affect better quality of life among their citizens. Throughout, SG passed heavy
situations that contributes SG to strength on their self-governing after getting
independence because SG learned from the failure of the British as model to
development until it can be outstanding in many aspects like the time being.