Seventy-three years have passed after the
massively destructive World War II ended, but people have never stopped talking
and arguing about it. One of the most controversial topics regarding the war
was whether United States’ decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan is right
or wrong. Even though atomic bombs completely devastated Hiroshima and
Nagasaki, causing million deaths and thousand Agent Orange victims, it helped
to end the war sooner. The dropping of atomic bombs therefore was necessary
since it forced Japan to reduce their pride of nationalism and accepted to
surrender unconditionally, helped to ended Japanese domination in Asia, as well
as marked the ended of World War II.
In 1940s, as warned by Albert Einstein,
the United States started on developing atomic weapon. In July 1945, the first
atomic bomb demonstration was successful in Mexico. On August 6, 1945, United
States dropped “Little Boy” – a five-ton atomic bomb over on Hiroshima, caused
80,000 deaths immediately. On August 9 the same year, United States dropped
another atomic bomb called “Fat Man” on Nagasaki, killing nearly 40,000 more
people. Totally, 2 atomic bombs caused deaths to more than 300,000 lives
overtime from radiation poisoning.
The United States may have not dropped the
bomb on two Japan major cities if Japan doesn’t dragged United States onto the
war. December 7, 1941, Japan surprisingly attacked United States naval base at
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Eight U.S Navy battleships were damaged, four were sunk, and
one hundred eighty-eight aircraft were destroyed. Moreover, 2,403 Americans
were killed and more than a thousand were wounded.
As a result of Pearl Harbor attack, United
States joined the war on the Allies side with Great Britain, France and Russia,
against the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy and Japan. By the time the attack
happened, Germany and Hitler has been on it verge of fallen. United States
would like to end the war before Stalin and Communism could enter Japan.
Despite United States’ effort to end the war soon by massive napalm raids and
firebombing, Japan still refused to surrender, as Japanese and their leaders
believed that surrender is an act that dishonor their nation.
On humanitarian aspects, the decision of
dropping the bombs is ethical even though it killed many people. Firstly, it
saves Japanese’s women lives. Alongside with the war against United States,
Japan were also at many other wars against countries in Asia and the Pacific,
especially the Soviet Union, and China.
Many Japanese men has been killed in these wars, and if America decided
to invaded Japan, the only troop they can fought against are women, little
children and old people. Atomic bombs have caused huge casualties in Hiroshima
and Nagasaki, but the result of American troops invading Japan would be much
worst. Secondly, atomic bomb helps to ended Japan cruel domination in Asia and
the Pacific. During Japan’s occupation over Asia, they have committed many
crimes. Japanese were the most abusive towards prisoner of wars, and they did
the cruelest biological experiment at Unit 731. Moreover, they operated the
comfortable women system, and functioned many biological and chemical warfare
across Asia. The Rape of Nanking in 1937 butchered 150,000 male POWs, raped
20,000 women and killed more than 50,000 male civilians. They were also liable
for the starvation of more than 200,000 Vietnamese in 1945, due to the
Japanese’s cultivated of rubber plant and destroyed rice and crops.
Despite all the destruction that atomic
bombs made, it greatly contributed as a force for Japan to surrender. Before the decision to drop the atomic bomb,
America had tried to uses other approaches to end the war. On May 24 and 25,
America firebombing Tokyo, caused 100,000 civilian lives. They also operated
napalm raids that destroyed 62 cities. They created blockade to made food
scarce and made it harder for Japanese military. Japanese government didn’t surrender
even though their countries were devastated; their citizens were dying, not
until United States dropped 2 atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
cannot bear to see my innocent people suffer any
longer, ending the war is the only way to restore world peace and to relieve
the nation from the terrible distress with which it is burdened.”
Quoted Emperor Hirohito at one of his meeting with Japanese officials
before they decided to surrender.
On August 1, 1945, Japan announced their
surrender to the Axis power, and the most destructive war – World War II ended.
The war could have been dragged on longer with the rise of Communism; however
the atomic bombs stopped it. The used of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
– two major cities of Japan were ethically rights since it is not only ended
Word War II, but also ended Japan massive killing streak over Asia and the
Pacific, forced Japan to unconditionally surrender.
what I was doing when I stopped the war that would have killed a half a million
youngsters on both sides if those bombs had not been dropped. I have no regrets
and, under the same circumstances, I would do it again”
knew what I was doing when I stopped the war that would have killed a half a
million youngsters on both sides if those bombs had not been dropped. I have no
regrets and, under the same circumstances, I would do it again”
Quoted President Harry S. Truman on his
letter wrote to Irv Kupcinet of the Chicago Sun Times.