Understanding Indian families
The term ‘family’ is derived from the Latin word ‘familia’ that refers to a group of individuals who form one household under one head and one domestic regime, including parents, children, and auxiliaries, (ONLINE ETYMOLOGY DICTIONARY, 2017). The activity, structure, convivial and psychological relationships are mainly determined by the gregarious norms that includes child rearing as a paramount responsibility. It is the most cohesive form of convivial group that puts priority of group goals over individual goals and in this deference; Indian families are far more different from their western counterparts, which is individualistic in nature (Sethi, 1989). Families certainly have convivial and cultural context that are found to determine its size, shape, type and the family process by drawing boundaries, setting rules for communication pattern, discipline, distribution of puissance and hierarchy in families (McGoldrick, Giordano, & Pearce, 1996). Indian families are considered to be astronomically immense, patriarchal, and collectivistic, the traditional form of which are believed to be vigorous, stable, close and resilient that ascertains family integrity, staunchness, liberation of cull, privacy and personal space but at the cost of individuality (Mullatti, 1995).
Demographic characteristics, prevalent socio-religious credences and practices by astronomically immense contribute to compose the Indian family system. The Indian family is largely patriarchal in structure (Kapadia, 1982). The distribution of puissance in making decision for rest of the members is bestowed upon male members i.e husband, elder brother, father, grandfather etc. in a patriarchal family set up. They are considered the saviour of the members providing their physical and moral bulwark. In the last couple of decades, this patriarchal form is marching gradually towards equalitarian interaction among the inculcated, urban middle classes, and among some rural set ups (Mullatti, 1995).
In Patriarchal structure responsibility, roles, control, and distribution of resources within the family are rigorously determined by age, gender, and generation. The establishment of the family system is believed to be mainly for the fulfilment of religious obligations like predecessor worship, begetting a male child and passing gregarious religious traditions to the next generation.
The Hindu Code Bill of 1954-1956 has introduced a few vicissitudes in this system by sanctioning some quota of the property to the daughter, inter-religion and -caste espousement rights, equal rights to women with deference to adoption, divorce, and remarriage.
In rural India, though agriculture is the main vocation, there are not many astronomically immense land holdings. This, and modern edification and other cognate factors, make it arduous to maintain joint fam