Was mob of American colonists gathers at the

Was the Revolutionary War revolutionary or evolutionary? I think it was evolutionary. I think that because in the end the colonies became separate from britain and became their own.  Here’s a fever model to represent why its evolutionary.Incubation Stage Before the Revolutionary war, things had to happen in order to make that happen. The French and Indian War – The British owned the 13 colonies and wanted to expand west. The French owned Canada and wanted to expand south. Long story short they met and fought for the land. It lasted between 1754 to 1763 in the Ohio River Valley, an important trading area. This marked the debut of 21 year old George Washington. This gave him the courage and experience that he needs to later command the Continental Army. As fighting broke out, the British and French started seeking allies among the Native American populations. The French we’re familiar with many of the tribes through trade. The British, not so much. At first the French were winning, by a lot. They had more troops and better supplies than the British. But the tables turned in 1757 when British secretary William Pitt took control of the war. He made it his mission to defeat the French. The war ended with the French defeat at the battle of Quebec and the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The British gained control of Canada and all land east of the Mississippi River. After the war, they sent the old troops back to England and bringing new ones over to the colonies. The Parliament passed The Quartering Act that stated that any colony that had British soldiers would be responsible for anything they need including housing. That would relieve british taxpayers of that burden.Symptomatic Stage After all the tax paying and chaos, the Americans The Boston Massacre. The Boston Massacre happened March 5, 1770 and was a mob of American colonists gathers at the Customs House in Boston and began taunting the British soldiers guarding the building. The protesters, who called themselves Patriots, were protesting the occupation of their city by British troops, who were sent to Boston in 1768 to enforce unpopular taxation measures passed by a British parliament that lacked American representation. They started yelling “Taxation without Representation”. British Captain Thomas Preston, the commanding officer at the Customs House, ordered his men to fix their bayonets and join the guard outside the building. The patriots responded by throwing snowballs and hit Private Hugh Montgomery making him aim his gun to the crowd leading his army to shoot killing 5 and injuring 3. The 5 killed were: Crispus Attucks, Patrick Carr, Samuel Gray, Samuel Maverick, and James Caldwell. John Adams, husband of Abigail Adams, was the lawyer for the british soldiers and defended them in court. A little after that in 1773, the parliament passed The Tea Act. The act’s main purpose was not to raise revenue from the colonies but to bail out the floundering East India Company, a key actor in the British economy. Basically, they were taxing the colonists for tea too. The colonists had enough so a group of Massachusetts colonists disguised themselves as Mohawk indians and boarded 3 british tea ships at midnight and dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor. That was nearly $1million worth in today’s money. This was an act of protest against the parliament’s tea act. King George, wrote in a letter to Lord North that “the die is now cast, the Colonies must submit or triumph”. A year later, upset by the boston tea party, the parliament passed the Coercive Acts. The act was meant to restore order in Massachusetts and punish bostonians for their tea party. Crisis Stage The battles of  Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19, 1775, started the American Revolutionary War. Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and the parliament, particularly in Massachusetts. On the night of April 18, 1775, hundreds of British troops marched from Boston to nearby Concord in order to seize an arms cache. Paul Revere and other riders went ahead and sounded the alarm and colonial minutemen began mobilizing to intercept the british. “If they mean war, let it begin here” John Parker said to the minutemen. They met on the Lexington town green and that started the fighting, and soon the British were hastily retreating under intense fire. Later, the 2nd Continental Congress needed someone to lead the Continental Army. They chose George Washington because everyone respected and admired him for what he did in the French and Indian War. Early in the war at the Battle of Bunker Hill even though colonists suffered a loss, they did learn a lot and british found out that they were a forced to be reckoned with. 3 months later, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold captured Fort Ticonderoga between New York and Providence of Quebec in order to hopefully drive the British out of Canada or defend America. With the war not going good, Thomas Paine wrote the pamphlet “Common Sense” setting forth his arguments in favor of American independence. Originally published anonymously, “Common Sense” persuaded independence for the American colonies from Britain and is considered one of the most influential pamphlets in American history. July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress, assembled in Philadelphia, formally adopts Richard Henry Lee’s resolution for independence from Great Britain. The vote is unanimous, with only New York abstaining.The resolution had originally been presented to Congress on June 7, but it soon became clear that New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and South Carolina were as yet unwilling to declare independence, though they would likely be ready to vote in favor of a break with England in due course. In December 1776, Thomas Paine wrote in one of his American Crisis articles “These are the times that try men’s souls”. Two days later, Christmas Day, 1776, Washington and his troops crossed the Delaware River for a surprise attack to defeat the Hessians and take control of trenton, An hour and a half into the battle, the Hessians surrendered and Washington won. The following year, Fought eighteen days apart in the fall of 1777, the two Battles of Saratoga were a turning point in the American Revolution. On September 19th, British General John Burgoyne achieved a small, but costly victory over American forces led by Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold. Though his troop strength had been weakened, Burgoyne again attacked the Americans at Bemis Heights on October 7th, but this time was defeated and forced to retreat. He surrendered ten days later, and the American victory convinced the French government to formally recognize the colonist’s cause and enter the war as their ally. During the harsh winter of 77, things weren’t looking so good for the Washington and his troops at Valley Forge, they had hardly any food and badly needed clothing and supplies. While at Valley Forge, he added new officers such as Friedrich von Steuben to help with training. Recovery StageNearly 5 years later, October of 1781, Cornwallis surrenders to Washington at Yorktown. Finally in September, 1783, the Treaty of Paris Was signed and ratified by Congress the following year. That’s when the colonies were free from England’s rule.


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